La atracción de las exportaciones de México durante el período 1995-2020: análisis a partir de un Modelo Gravitacional

Autores/as

  • Christian Javier Pérez Calderón Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
  • José Carlos Rodríguez Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
  • Mario Gómez Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Palabras clave:

comercio internacional, modelo gravitacional de exportaciones, enfoque Hausman-Taylor, México

Resumen

Este artículo analiza la actividad exportadora de México durante el período 1995 hasta 2020. De esta forma, se aplica un modelo gravitacional aumentado para probar cómo el tamaño de las economías, la distancia entre países, las diferencias en la dotación de factores, la cercanía cultural y el acercamiento comercial han afectado el nivel de las exportaciones de México hacía otros países. Los resultados sugieren que el tamaño de las economías y la distancia entre países explican en gran medida las exportaciones de México hacia los Estados Unidos, Canadá, China, Alemania, España, Japón y Brasil. Sin embargo, las diferencias en la dotación de factores, la cercanía cultural y el acercamiento comercial sólo in?uyeron de manera marginal las exportaciones de México hacia esos países.

Biografía del autor/a

Christian Javier Pérez Calderón, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Profesor investigador del Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales (ININEE)

José Carlos Rodríguez, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Profesor investigador del Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales (ININEE)

Mario Gómez, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Profesor investigador del Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales (ININEE)

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20-09-2022

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