China y la gobernanza global: a tres años del inicio de las operaciones del Banco Asiático de Inversión en Infraestructura

Autores/as

  • Diego Telias Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Palabras clave:

Gobernanza global, China, BAII

Resumen

En los últimos años se produjo un gran debate sobre la gobernanza global en el campo de las relaciones internacionales. Dentro de esta literatura sobresalen las investigaciones que analizan cómo se ha relacionado la República Popular China con la gobernanza global. Este artículo se inserta en esa discusión y busca responder cuál es la estrategia mediante la cual China se involucra con este proceso. Con el objetivo de contribuir con dicho debate, esta investigación propone un estudio del caso del Banco Asiático de Inversión en Infraestructura (BAII). Tras analizar los objetivos de la creación del banco, su diseño institucional, su relación con otros organismos, los países que lo integran y su funcionamiento en los primeros tres años, se concluye que la estrategia de China es a través de la propuesta de nuevas iniciativas que adhieren capas adicionales a la gobernanza global, complementando las instituciones actuales. A diferencia de como plantea gran parte de la literatura, argumentamos que en el caso estudiado no se observa un cuestionamiento profundo a la gobernanza global.

El autor agradece también a dos revisores anónimos por sus comentarios y a las recomendaciones de Francisco Urdinez, Giovanni Agostinis y Andrés Raggio para mejorar este artículo.

Biografía del autor/a

Diego Telias, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Estudiante del Doctorado en Ciencia Política.

Becario CONICYT PFCHA/DOCTORADO BECAS NACIONALES/2019-21190329

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Publicado

27-05-2022

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