Sustentabilidad y Seguridad: Certificación Timber en la Región de Asia Pacifico

Antonina Ivanova

Resumen


La expansión de las iniciativas de desarrollo sustentable desde los años 90 es un reflejo del énfasis que se da a las soluciones integrales al desarrollo económico, la estabilidad socio-política y la salud ambiental en la comunidad global. En el mismo contexto, el concepto tradicional de seguridad tuvo que ampliarse en dos direcciones: primero, la noción de seguridad tuvo que expandirse desde el ámbito militar a los ámbitos económico, social, ambiental y político; segundo, el objeto de la seguridad tuvo que incluir además del Estado-nación, al individuo, como un nivel anterior, y al sistema internacional como un nivel superior. La industria forestal y la certificación de madera en la región de Asía-Pacífico fueron seleccionadas para el estudio de caso, dado que representan un excelente ejemplo para ilustrar la interrelación entre el desarrollo sustentable y la seguridad ambiental. Este trabajo presenta un panorama crítico de la industria forestal y el estatuto de la certificación de madera a nivel global, con un énfasis especial sobre Asia-Pacífico, bajo el enfoque del “pensamiento sistémico”. La conclusión presenta las posibilidades que representa la certificación de la madera y sus futuros impactos sobre la seguridad y el desarrollo sustentable.

Palabras clave


sustentabilidad; seguridad; certificación

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