Sustentabilidad y Seguridad: Certificación Timber en la Región de Asia Pacifico

Antonina Ivanova


La expansión de las iniciativas de desarrollo sustentable desde los años 90 es un reflejo del énfasis que se da a las soluciones integrales al desarrollo económico, la estabilidad socio-política y la salud ambiental en la comunidad global. En el mismo contexto, el concepto tradicional de seguridad tuvo que ampliarse en dos direcciones: primero, la noción de seguridad tuvo que expandirse desde el ámbito militar a los ámbitos económico, social, ambiental y político; segundo, el objeto de la seguridad tuvo que incluir además del Estado-nación, al individuo, como un nivel anterior, y al sistema internacional como un nivel superior. La industria forestal y la certificación de madera en la región de Asía-Pacífico fueron seleccionadas para el estudio de caso, dado que representan un excelente ejemplo para ilustrar la interrelación entre el desarrollo sustentable y la seguridad ambiental. Este trabajo presenta un panorama crítico de la industria forestal y el estatuto de la certificación de madera a nivel global, con un énfasis especial sobre Asia-Pacífico, bajo el enfoque del “pensamiento sistémico”. La conclusión presenta las posibilidades que representa la certificación de la madera y sus futuros impactos sobre la seguridad y el desarrollo sustentable.

Palabras clave

sustentabilidad; seguridad; certificación

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